Monday, August 06, 2007

What’s a ‘Higgs boson’ & Why Should I Care?

Before we get to why the Higgs is so important, why it’s referred to as the “God Particle,” let me tell you about the “standard model.”

According to an
old article at Wired, “physicists base their whole understanding of matter” on the standard model. It describes how three of the four know forces in the universe work: strong nuclear, weak nuclear and electromagnetic (the one force it doesn’t describe is gravity). The standard model links forces to particles:
  • Strong nuclear is governed by gluons
  • Weak nuclear is governed by W and Z bosons
  • Electromagnetic is governed by phontons

We now know that particles like gluons and W bosons exist because researchers have “observed” them. But before they were observed, the standard model predicted they would exist. Other particles predicted by the standard model that have since been observed are Z bosons, top quarks and charm quarks.

Another particle predicted by the theory, which has not yet been observed, is the Higgs boson. And here’s why that’s important to the standard model. So far, we don’t know why all these particles -- gluons, charm quarks, etc. -- have any mass. We don’t know why they weigh anything. But it’s believed the Higgs boson holds (at least part of) the answer. Until we find this answer, many truly fundamental questions (like those relating to our very existence) remain unanswered.

"Without the Higgs, all fundamental particles would be massless, and the universe would be very different,” one researcher told Wired. “The elemental composition of the cosmos would be radically different, stars would shine differently, and we probably wouldn't exist."

To find the Higgs, it would take an explosion resembling the “blizzard of energies and particles” of the Big Bang,
reported the Boston Globe earlier this year. To create and study such an explosion, the European Organization for Nuclear research has poured $8 billion (the GDP of Nepal) and summoned 7,000 researchers (half or all particle physicists in the world) to the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). You may have heard this project referred to as CERN. And its aim is to “yield astonishing glimpses into black holes, hidden dimensions, and other mysteries of space-time” by “recreating the universe's first trillionth of a second,” reports the Globe.

To recreate the split-second mega blizzard that started it all, literally, CERN researchers will fire streams of protons into each other at 99.9 percent the speed of light (around 186,000 miles per second). When this collision occurs, 600 million protons will be crashing together per second and all manner of subatomic debris will be flying in every possible direction. Scientists hope that some of this debris will be Higgs bosons.

The LHC will be fired up later this year and hit full potential in early 2008.

9 comments:

方松腾 said...

0108
soccer jerseys,cheap soccer jerseys,cheap soccer jerseys for sale,soccer jersey,usa soccer jersey,football jerseys
lebron 12
tiffany and co
ralph lauren polo
oakley outlet online
coach outlet online
basketball shoes
snow boots outlet
air jordan 13 free shipping
tory burch outlet
ugg boots
chanel handbags
uggs outlet
michael kors usa
canada goose sale
replica watches
michael kors uk outlet
canada goose outlet
futbol baratas
michael kors uk outlet

林东 said...

20160611lindong
kate spade handbags
adidas pure boost
michael kors outlet clearance
birkenstock
coach outlet
fitflops sale clearance
toms shoes
michael kors outlet
nike cortez red
ray ban outlet
louis vuitton borse
tory burch outlet
sac longchamp
christian louboutin outlet
cartier watches
holliste sale
abercrombie and fitch
adidas trainers
north face jackets
cheap oakley sunglasses
true religion jeans
yeezy boost 350 balck
nike free flyknit
cheap nba jerseys
michael kors outlet online
stephen curry shoes
michael kors outlet
louis vuitton outlet online
fitflops outlet
coach factory outlet
fitflops outlet

Gege Dai said...

6.29lllllyuanlongchamp pliage
cazal sunglasses
kobe bryants shoes
hermes belt for sale
nike air max 90
ray ban sunglasses
swarovski jewelry
coach outlet
michael kors factory outlet
polo ralph lauren
oakley sunglasses
herve leger dresses
ferragamo outlet
louis vuitton bags
lululemon uk
cheap nba jerseys
michael kors outlet
kobe shoes
ralph lauren
ralph lauren outlet
burberry outlet
ralph lauren outlet
links of london jewellery
coach outlet
coach handbags outlet
tory burch sandals
ray-ban sunglasses
pandora outlet
nike air force 1
coach outlet
oakley sunglasses
nfl jerseys wholesale
michael kors outlet
beats by dre
ralph lauren outlet
6.29

Chen Jeje said...

oakley sunglasses
michael jordan shoes
michael kors outlet online
cheap air jordan
chrome hearts online store
kobe byrant shoes
http://www.raybanglasses.in.net
jordans for cheap
michael kors handbags
tiffany and co jewelry
cheap jordans
http://www.chromehearts.us.com
cheap real jordans
cheap uggs
tiffany jewellery
adidas tubular UK
nike huarache
cheap jordan shoes
adidas tubular
cheap tiffanys
michael kors outlet online

John said...

tiffany uk
ghd hair straighteners
hollister kids
coach outlet store
mlb jerseys wholesale
michael kors outlet online
nhl jerseys wholesale
nike store uk
red bottoms outlet online
tiffany and co outlet
birkenstock outlet
vans outlet
michael kors outlet online
ed hardy outlet
the north face outlet
reebok shoes
adidas superstars
oakley sunglasses
yeezy boost 350
sac longchamp
coach factory outlet online
ralph lauren outlet
oakley vault sunglasses
ralph lauren
louis vuitton outlet online
running shoes
cheap jordans
louboutin shoes
nike cortez white
kate spade bags
michael kors purses
nike huarache black
nike air max
sac longchamp pliage
kobe bryant shoes
louboutin outlet
louis vuitton outlet online
cheap jordan shoes
new balance outlet
201676yuanyuan

Fangyaya said...

celine outlet
celine bags
cheap jerseys
nfl jerseys wholesale
nfl jerseys
louis vuitton outlet online
louis vuitton
michael kors outlet
michael kors outlet clearance
michael kors purses
timberland boots
timberlands
michael kors outlet clearance
michael kors outlet
polo ralph lauren
ralph lauren outlet
beats by dre
cheap beats headphones
christian louboutin shoes
christian louboutin outlet
gucci belts
gucci handbags
jordan 11
concords 11
michael kors outlet online
michael kors handbags
michael kors purses
ralph lauren
ralph lauren home
tods outlet store
tods sale
michael kors outlet
coach outlet
cheap true religion jeans
cheap true religion
ray bans
ray ban sunglasses uk
cheap true religion jeans
true religion jeans
cheap oakleys
20168.24chenjinyan

dada24 Xu said...

20161013meiqing
moncler outlet
michael kors outlet
birkenstocks
cheap mlb jerseys
polo ralph lauren outlet online
toms outlet
true religion outlet
jordan pas cher
toms shoes
true religion outlet

chenmeinv0 said...

louis vuitton
retro 11
canada goose coats
cheap oakley sunglasses
gucci belts
chanel handbags
ugg boots outlet
cheap louis vuitton handbags
toms outlet
ray ban sunglasses
2016.10.28xukaimin

raybanoutlet001 said...

cheap nike shoesspecial
cheap ray bansbelow
new balance outletthem
cheap jordanswhy
tiffany and coand
jimmy choojack-o-lanterns.
michael kors outlet onlineof
converse trainersfor
michael kors outletyour
armani exchangeTHESE

Pound360 Archive

About Me

My photo
I started pound360 to channel my obsession with vitamins, running and the five senses. Eventually, I got bored focusing on all that stuff, so I came back from a one month hiatus in May of 2007 (one year after launching Pound360) and broadened my mumblings here to include all science.